ALEX ENGWETE

Congologie : Espace d’analyses et d’opinions sur la culture et la politique du sous-continent de la République Démocratique du Congo. Contact: alexengwete@gmail.com

20 juillet 2011

Le magnat israélien Dan Gertler signe un contrat d'achat opaque avec la Gécamines

DanGertlerTwo

Dan Gertler

2004, RDC

(Crédit)

 

Selon un article paru le 12 juillet dans Bloomberg, journal américain d’information économique et financière, il y a eu récemment une « vente non divulguée des avoirs de la Gécamines », la compagnie parastatale congolaise exsangue qui, en plus de ses mines de cuivre, a dans son portefeuille minier la plus grande réserve du monde de cobalt.

 La Gécamines aurait en effet vendu cette année d’importantes parts de capital dans deux grands complexes de cobalt du Katanga au jeune entrepreneur israélien Dan Gertler qui fait voici une décennie une percée irrésistible en RDC, non seulement dans l’investissement dans le secteur minier mais également dans le secteur bancaire en RDC. A lui seul, l’un des complexes vendus—la Mutanda Mining sprl—représente, selon les estimations des experts, une valeur nominale de plus de 3 milliards de dollars américains.

 Gertler aurait acheté ces parts de capital par l’entremise des compagnies dans lesquelles il détient des parts importantes : la Rowny Assets Ltd., et la Biko Invest Corp.—les deux entités commerciales, ajoute l’article, sont « offshores », ayant été constituées en sociétés le 27 février de cette année dans l’archipel des Iles Vierges Britanniques, réputées paradis fiscal.

Cet achat signifie que Gertler pourrait potentiellement contrôler une bonne partie de la production mondiale du cobalt.

 Des analystes du secteur minier pensent que cette vente opérée par la Gécamines pourrait s’avérer préjudiciable pour la compagnie, d’autant que celle-ci projette de mettre sur le marché des parts qui pourraient intéresser des grands investisseurs potentiels. Or, sans une exposition publique des termes de cette vente (le montant déboursé par Gertler), des investisseurs pourraient se montrer réticents à acheter des parts au prix que leur proposerait la Gécamines, se disant que cette dernière aurait peut-être vendu de grandes parts au rabais à leur concurrent. Qui plus est, toute vente de cette ampleur effectuée par la Gécamines devrait au préalable être avalisée par la Banque Mondiale puisque selon les accords signés entre cette institution de Bretton Woods et le gouvernement congolais—accord entériné par une ordonnance du Ministère de Finance—les « ventes et les prix des avoirs en ressources naturelles sont censés être rendus public », selon Bloomberg.

 Le Député National Modeste Bahati Lukwebo, chargé de la sous-commission des audits dans la Commission ECOFIN de l’Assemblée Nationale, est cité dans l’article. Ce dernier aurait été interviewé le  6 juillet par Bloomberg. Dans cette interview, le Député Bahati dénonce l’opacité de la Gécamines et exige que la gestion de la compagnie parastale soit « transparente », ajoutant  qu’il faudra qu’elle « justifie ce que l’Etat congolais a gagné de la vente de toutes ces concessions ».

 Tant le Président du Conseil d’Administration (PCA), Albert Yuma Kalimbi, que l’Administrateur Directeur Général  (ADG), Ahmed Kalej Nkand, de la Gécamines, se sont refusé à tout commentaire lorsqu’ils furent contactés par les journalistes Michael J. Kavanagh and Franz Wild qui ont rédigé l’article.

Posté par Alex Engwete à 16:37 - Dan Gertler, Gécamines - Commentaires [12] - Permalien [#]

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